How to Control Dust and Dust Mites :
People’s homes, and in particular their bedrooms, tend to be ideal conditions in terms of humidity and temperature for Dust Mites to thrive. It is near impossible to remove dust mites completely, but the following steps may help to control their number and consequent vasomotor-rhinitis symptoms.
Reduce surface dust by cleaning your home thoroughly, and on a regular basis. Vacuum frequently and dust with a damp or oiled cloth. Ideally, someone other than the dust-sensitive person should clean, but if this is impossible, wear a dust mask.
Wash and clean bedding thoroughly and regularly.
Provide special protection in bedrooms.
Avoid the use of materials that collect and hold dust.
Use simple metal or wood furniture, washable cotton or synthetic shades, cotton or fiberglass curtains.
Scatter rugs should be washed weekly.
Proof coverings should be used on mattress,on beds box springs and pillows.
Dacron and synthetic pillows are better than feathers.
Put pillows through dry cycle to remove dust particles and allergens.
Air conditioning will help remove allergens but an electronic or HEPA (high efficiency particulate aerating)filter remove particulates from the air and hold them.
Regularly vacuum-clean and air beds and mattresses, beds
Air your bedroom often and decrease the humidity
Use Baygon Anti-Mite Spray against house dust mites.
Get rid of carpeting, especially in the bedroom. Carpeting is a breeding ground for dust mites. If you must have carpeting, select a type with low pile. Scatter rugs that can be washed each week are a better alternative. Wood floors, seamless vinyl or linoleum floor coverings are best because they can be cleaned easily and thoroughly, and mites don’t like to live on uncarpeted floors.
Remove from your home any items that tend to collect or hold dust and replace them with
easy-to-clean items. Use wooden, leather, or plastic-covered sofas and chairs instead of upholstered furniture (particularly older furniture stuffed with cotton, kapok, feathers and down, or animal hairs). Select closed bookcases and curio cabinets instead of open shelves. Books and knickknacks are dust collectors. Use washable curtains or window shades instead of venetian blinds and heavy draperies. Choose furniture with simple, clean designs instead of ornately carved pieces. Select easily cleaned decorations instead of dried-flower arrangements, wall hangings and straw baskets.
Reduce Dust in the Air
Use air conditioning to keep inside humidity at 50 percent or lower to slow down mite growth during warm weather months. A sling hygrometer or wet-dry thermometer may help monitor humidity.
Change or clean air conditioner and furnace filters often. Consider using an HEPA (high energy particulate air) air cleaner on your heating system.
Pay Special Attention to Bedrooms On average, people spend one-third of their lives in the bedroom, and studies have shown that, of all the rooms in the home, the bedroom often contains the most dust mites. Concentrate efforts in the bedroom of the dust-sensitive person, following all the steps above, plus: Install a room air conditioner and dehumidifier in the bedroom if the home does not have central air conditioning.
Place a filter made of cheesecloth under the faceplate of the bedroom heating vent to help prevent recirculating of dust into the bedroom air.
Select nonallergic, washable bedding materials. Rather than pillows stuffed with feathers, down, kapok, or foam rubber, use pillows stuffed with dacron or other synthetic materials. Nonallergic plastic casings that zip around mattresses, box springs and pillows will help keep mites under control. Cover the zippers of these casings with adhesive tape to make a better barrier. Avoid comforters and chenille bedspreads. Use washable blankets and spreads, and wash all bedding including pillows without cases) every week to 10 days, using hot water.
Hang clothes in a closet and keep the closet door closed, or put them into dresser drawers.
Get rid of stuffed animals; they collect dust mites.
Never allow pets in the bedroom. Many people may not want to get rid of carpeting to avoid dust mites, but until recently, there were no other alternatives. New products, available today, remove dust mites or their allergen from carpet fibers. One product, tannic acid, breaks down mite allergen but does not kill the mites. Another product, benzyl benzoate dry foam, actually kills mites and helps remove them and their waste products form carpet.
Tannic acid can be sprayed on carpets or upholstered furniture to break down allergen from mites or cat dander When the allergen is inactivated, it can no longer cause allergy symptoms. Tannic acid works fast and is easy to use, but its effects do not last long because mites remain and allergen continues to build up, requiring frequent application of the product. Also, some people have complained it may stain some carpets and upholstery fabrics.
To kill mites, benzyl benzoate moist powder can be brushed into carpets, allowed to dry for 8 to 12 hours, and vacuumed up. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved this product as a safe for home use,
and it will not usually stain carpets. Unlike tannic acid, benzyl benzoate’s effect is long-lasting. After one or two initial applications, you can keep mites and your symptoms under control by using it only once or twice a year.